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Vladivostok & Primorye- City sightseeing- Adventure- Ecotours- Optional toursTranssiberian toursKhabarovskIrkutskKamchatkaSakhalinYakutiya
 

Yakutiya


Sakha Republic (Yakutia) is situated in NE Siberia. With 3,103,200 km it is the largest republic of the Russian Federation, covering about 20% of its area. The territory of Yakutia is larger than the territories of France, Austria, Germany, Italy, Sweden, UK, Finland, and Greece put together. The Sakha Republic is washed by the Arctic Ocean (the Laptev and the Eastern Siberian Seas). These waters, the coldest and iciest of all seas in the northern hemisphere, are covered by ice for 9-10 months of a year.
     About 40% of Sakha lies above the Arctic circle and all of it is covered by eternally frozen ground - permafrost - which greatly influences the region's ecology and limits forests in the southern region. Arctic and subarctic tundra define the middle region, dwarf Siberian pine and larch grow in the southern part of the tundra belt, below the tundra is the vast taiga forest region. The population of Sakha is about 1 million, representing over 120 nationalities. The Russians are the largest group, making up approximately half the population, followed by indigenous Sakha-Yakuts who constitute 33, 4% of the population. Russian and Yakut are the official languages used in the republic.
    Climate of this Republic is sharply continental with a range in temperature of 100C from +40 C in summer to -60 C in winter. The Pole of Cold (the coldest point of the Northern Hemisphere) is situated in Oimyakonsky region where the lowest temperature of an inhabited place (-71.2 C) was registered in 1926. In winter there are Polar Nights that begin on the territory which is above the Arctic Circle. Darkness and twilight take charge for several months. Some nights are lit up by the Aurora Borealis, the natural phenomenon that can only be observed along the latitudes occupied by this territory. Summer periods are mostly sunny, a day can last up to 20 hours along the latitude of Yakutsk, while farther North, the Sun never drops below the horizon.
     Yakutia is one of the rare places on Earth where the purity of nature and incredibly amazing variety of flora and fauna are left untouched. The northern tundra is covered with moss and reindeer moss. You can find there specimens of tundra birch that can easily fit in the palm of one's hand. Pine, spruce, larch, cedar, aspen, and birch trees grow in the taiga. The northern flowers are bright and intensely colored. The northern berries are rich in taste. Lilium pensylvanicum is a favorite flower of the people of Yakutia. It is called Sardaana and grows only in Yakutia. Rhodiola rosea, Aconogonom amgense, Krascheninnikovia lenensis, Redowskia sophiifolia, Oxytropis scheludjakovae, are also endemic.
     The inhabitants of the vast lands of Yakutia - moose, fox, sable, wolverine, brown bear, polar bear, walrus, Manchurian deer, northern deer, musk deer, and bighorn sheep - live freely. Numerous rivers and lakes are rich with fish, omul (coregonus autumnalis), chir (coregonus nasus), muksun (c. muksun), white salmon nelma (stenodus lencichthys nelma), sturgeon (acipenser baeri), taimen (hucho taimen), and karas (c. carassius).
     There are about 250 avian species in Yakutia. The tundra is a habitat for rare birds, sterkh (Siberian white crane), sandhill crane, loon, Ross's goose, golden eagle, white-tailed eagle, etc. The Arctic shore is famous for noisy and spectacular seashore bird colonies. Yakutia is the only place on the planet with Siberian black crane and Ross's gull habitats.
 
The Yakuts.
     The Russians have known the ethnic term ‘Yakut’ since the early 17th century. It is borrowed from the Tungus language, derived from the “yeko” of the Turkic-speaking population living in the Lena region. They practiced horse and cattle-breeding. The Yakuts call themselves “Sakha”, thus the republic has recently been named “Sakha (Yakutia)”.
     The roots of the Yakut culture remain hidden in the past, in the ancient Turkic epoch, in the Scythian-Siberian world. Historians estimate that ancestors of the Yakuts gradually moved somewhere from the southwest, probably the Western Baikal region. This theory is confirmed by the Yakut language itself: compared with the languages of other peoples living in the northeast, it is connected to languages of the Turkic group. The Yakut legends, encompassing a whole cycle of stories, tell of the Yakut tribe, living a nomadic life and moving down the Lena on the rafts with all their belongings, household goods and animals and cattle.
    The Yakuts practice shamanism as their religion: the worship of nature, its phenomena and elements. The traditions which are passed on from one generation to the other are traditional beliefs and ancient rituals and ceremonies that are based on respect for the world that surrounds the people. Where the spirits come from and where they go, the Yakuts do not know, but are certain of the existence of these spirits. The Yakuts call these spirits ichchi and by all possible means try to protect themselves, their dwelling and domestic animals from the influence of a great number of those malicious spirits. Therefore their clothes, especially those for women, are covered with symbols; especially the upper part, the head dress, is devoted to the sky (sun) and the goddess of fertility and childbirth.
 
Sightseeing spots of Yakutsk.

-National museum of history and culture of North People. Here is exhibited archeological and ethnographic collections, art collection, photo- and documental materials about history of the region.

-Mammoth museum. Yakutiya was inhabited by mammoths in ancient times. Nowadays this region is one main regions where mammoth’s remains are found.

-Underground laboratory of the Permafrost Institute. It is placed at the depth of 12 meters under the ground. Here are organized excursions where visitors can know about structure of permafrost and ancient plants.

-National Art museum. It includes collection of local art, Russian art of 18th-20th centuries, foreign art of 16th -20th centuries. The most valuable exhibits are works of yakut artists.  

-Music and folklore museum of people of Sakha Republic. Here are exhibited unique music instruments of local people.

-Kangalasskiy and Tabaginskiy points. Here are seen wonderful landscapes of Lena River. There are the historical place where was firstly founded Yakut fortress in front of Kangalasskiy point. Nowadays there is “Drujba” - Lenin historical and architectural museum on the open air. The center of the museum is the copy of ancient church that was constructed near Yakut fortress in 1663. There are also samples of architecture of local people.

-Itik Haiya – ethnographical complex in the vicinity of Yakutsk. Here are shown all the aspects of life of indigenous people. It was organized by Atlasov family who always gladly welcomes guests and makes concerts for them.

-Tourist complex Bakaldin – it presents culture of evenki indigenous people. One of the main entertainments here is riding on the reindeers.

-Drama theaters – Oikunskiy drama theatre, Russian drama theatre, opera and ballet theatre.



Yakutiya
Sample of the tour. 9 days
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Polar adventure
5 days. Sample of the tour
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Marvelous waters of Yakutiya
Sample of the tour. 7 days
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Let's celebrate Ysyakh - the yakut summer holiday
6 days. Sample of the tour.
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In the diamond country
7 days. Sample of the tour.
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Beautiful Lena River
5 days. Sample of the tour. Tour includes cruise along Lena river.
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Mammoth tour
14 days. Sample of the tour. Vladivostok-Yakutsk
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